The South Ketapang Landscape Initiative is directly linked to the Sustainable Palm Oil Policy that IOI Group adopted in 2016 and its specific commitments for the Ketapang Peatland Landscape in West Kalimantan, Indonesia:
“We will develop a plan for peatland management and protection for the landscape in and around our four Ketapang concessions in West Kalimantan, in partnership with the affected stakeholders, to ensure optimum outcomes. This will involve mapping all peat lands in our Ketapang concessions and developing and implementing a plan for peatland protection, and the restoration of peatland degraded by clearance or drainage or, where not possible, compensating an area of land equivalent to what has been degraded. We will develop and implement a fire prevention and rapid response program, consisting of active measures to prevent fires in IOI’s new developments and adjacent lands, and to respond rapidly to any fires if necessary. The peatland management plan will be an important factor in mitigating fire risk.”
The South Ketapang Initiative was launched in October 2018 jointly with two partners, Aidenvironment and Global Environment Centre (GEC) with an overall, long-term goal of promoting sustainable economic growth without negative environmental consequences.
The 12-month first phase of the program is being currently implemented and will be extended for another 4 years to ensure that this ambitious endeavour has enough time to achieve its goals. Activities will take place at two levels:
Sub-landscape (villages and areas in and around the concessions of the PT SNA Group, which is IOI’s Indonesian subsidiary): Village Level Land-use Plans are prepared and adopted for targeted desa (villages)
Landscape (500,000 ha South Ketapang Landscape): a shared vision on sustainable development and conservation is developed and adopted by local government, communities, companies and civil society, who then work together to protect sensitive ecological areas in and around concessions and improve the welfare of local communities.
The objectives of the 12-month first phase of the initiative are as follows:
Prepare a sustainable landscape management initiative for the desa around PT SNA concessions
Develop a shared vision on the sustainable management of the South Ketapang Landscape
Preparation and start of implementation of a program for the sustainable management of a landscape around the IOI concessions. The first activity will be the rapid assessment of the landscape and establishment of Village Level Land-use Plans - VLLP - by communities in close collaboration with local government. The VLLP include chapters on equitable local economic development, legalization of land access, rehabilitation and conservation of areas surrounding IOI’s concessions.
Supporting the development of a joint vision on sustainable management of the South Ketapang Landscape and ensuring integration in the Green Growth policy of the Ketapang District. Vision development will be coordinated by Aidenvironment and includes aspects of sub-regional economic development, livelihood development, rehabilitation and protection of conservation areas, peat and watershed management and fire prevention and control. The vision will be developed in close collaboration with communities, government, other companies and local and international civil society organizations.
The activities at landscape level seek to strengthen the governance systems across the landscape including:
- Work with - and strengthen - local government
- Work with – and strengthen - relevant provincial and national authorities including, but not limited to, KLHK, BKSDA, BRG
- Work in partnership with other companies across the landscape through task forces and common action
- Facilitate the engagement of local community throughout the landscape in protection and rehabilitation measures.
- Share experience and lessons learned among stakeholders in the landscape
Stakeholder Management Approach
By nature, all initiatives towards sustainable landscape management are broad and each stakeholder in the landscape will have its’ own rationale for participation in such a program. Such a rationale may be very different from one party to another; conservation organizations will have a different perspective than an Oil Palm plantation owner and this will be different again from the rationale of a local community. Any successful program therefore needs to strike a balance between the ‘rationale’ for each major stakeholder in the program.